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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Csanádi plains
Csanádi plains
 

The Csanád region has one of the best soils in Hungary. Once the prairie soil areas were covered by loess meadows and desert boscages. Among the loess fields there were lowlands without outlets, which were covered by ancient alkaline fields, and on the higher spaces by rich loess vegetation. The Csanádi steppes consist of three patches of steppes (Kopáncs steppe, Montág steppe and Királyhegyesi steppe), the area of which is 4057 hectares. They are highly protected as the diversified flora and fauna of the region can be preserved only by this way. An extraordinary value of the grasslands is the rich population of Sternbergia colchiciflora. It blossoms in September when the barley is sown and there is abundant rain but on dry autumns it may not blossom at all. There are thousands of individuals of spring adonis and hare’s foot treefoil in the steppes. At the end of summer the protected, bluish-purple flowers of autumn squill can often be seen in the steppes. The characteristics of erstwhile marshlands are preserved by the lilies of Királyhegyesi steppe, while the Csikóspusztai lake preserves the features of alkaline lakes. On the Kopáncsi steppe the visitors can see some sodic fields with berms. Among the mosaics of grasslands covered by Champhorosma annua and Puccinellion, the thin plantain and the arrowgrass grow in rich populations in the alkali rills. At the beginning of May camomile meadows smell sweet on the berms of the steppe.About 25-30 individuals of bustard live on these steppes. On the sweep of shadoofs long-legged buzzards and short-toed eagle have a rest. On the areas of temporary marshlands thinning populations of rare birds (godwit, redshank, snipe and peewit) nest, in autumn wild geese and cranes spend the night on the wetland habitats of the plains. The development projects of the National Park serve the preservation of these wetlands. A rarity of the diversified population of insects is the steppe butterfly, a known European population of which lives here, on the roots of alkali artemisia.

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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