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» Protected Areas » Körös-Maros National Park » Introducion of the units » Fehértó (White lake) in Kardoskút
Fehértó (White lake) in Kardoskút
 

The Fehértó in Kardoskút is the most valuable alkali lake of the South Tiszántúl region with its special water supply and water surfaces of the inland water recipients. The Fehértó has been a nature conservation area since 1966, and has been the part of the Körös-Maros National Park since 1997 when the erstwhile Vásárhely grasslands and the surrounding steppes became the protected territory units of the National Park. Their area is 5629 hectares. The high level protection is justified by the geographical, hydrological, ornithological and biological values of the lake and its environment.The alkali lake has been a nature conservation area under the Ramsar Treaty since 1979. In the end of winter thousands of wild geese and ducks gather into flocks to migrate to the north. Flocks of curlews, whimbrels and sandpipers have a rest on the wet grassy meadows at the lakeside.When the spring days start to warm, the avocet builds its nest near the water. The Kentish plover nests in the bare alkali patches that are covered with fescue and bárányparéj. In the pastures with higher grass peewits, godwits and red-legged sandpipers nest.In October and November the migration of cranes is a special event. Simultaneously with the cranes the wild geese also start migration to the north. In autumn very big flocks of birds spend weeks in the region. The lake is surrounded by ancient native and secondary, established grasslands and croplands. The present names of the grasslands (Fecskés, Kis-Bogárzó, Nagy-Bogárzó, Csomorkány) refer to the former lakes and waterlogged areas. On the patches of the ancient loess grasslands very rare plant species grow like the Stembergia colchiciflora and the common meadow-rhubarb. The protection of Vásárhely grasslands, where the remnants of old farms are still seen, offers the possibility of preservation of traditional life conditions and activities of peasants living in the region. The preservation of beauty of the landscape, the unbroken horizon, the mosaics of extensively cultivated lands and grasslands contribute to the maintenance of natural values of the region.Tourists can visit the stocks of Hungarian grey cattle, racka and cigaja sheep owned by the Körös-Maros National Park at its Fehértó unit at Kardoskút, namely at the Sóstó establishment. These ancient domesticated animals have an outstanding value as they form a part of a Gene Bank for the purposes of the future animal husbandry. The National Park Directorate has started the construction of a Visitor Centre next to the animal farm, where practical training on nature conservation and environment protection will be carried out parallel to the exhibition of the local folklore and natural values. The Kardoskút museum can also be visited next to the nature conservation area, in the Pusztaközpont (Grassland Centre).

   
 
2018. 05. 03. Print page
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