The Körös-Maros National Park, or more exactly its Directorate managing the nature protection activities, was established on 16 January 1997 as the seventh national park of Hungary in order to preserve the nature and landscape of the Southern Tiszántúl.
The operational area of the National Park is 800 000 hectares. Its area includes all the territory of Békés County, the area of Csongrád County located to the East of river Tisza, the Dévaványa-Ecsegi steppes as well as the parts of Körös flood-plains in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County.Besides the maintenance and development of the National Park, its task is the supervision and control on its operational area.
The magnificent landscape is characterized by diversified and unique natural scenery of the uncontrolled countryside. The Csanádi and Békési plateaus that stretch between the rivers Körös and Maros. Owing to the considerable agricultural development, the protection of the still existing natural plant communities, first of all, that of the loess fields is an outstanding challenge of nature protection. On the vast areas of the erstwhile Kis-Sárrét, in the region covered by the meandering branches of river Körös and on the Dévaványai -, Békési and Csanádi plains there are spacious sodic steppes, remnants of wooded grasslands and marshlands as well as meadows and groves of extraordinary value. The protection of those plant and animal species, which live only in this region of Hungary, or the biggest part of their population lives on the area of our National Park, is an outstanding task. These highly protected plant species include the sage and the Transylvanian hérics.
Another exclusive flower of this countryside is the vetővirág, the spacious blooming patches of which offer a picturesque sight in autumn. Besides the plants there are several rarities of animals like the butterfly species Nagy szikibagoly, the scaly snail of Doboz, the atracél cincér, the steppe butterfly and the bustard, the most viable population of which lives in the northern part of Békés county. The wetlands like the lake Fehértó in Kardoskút and the fishponds in Biharugra that have the status of a Ramsar site, got an outstanding role in the international migration of birds.